Weather and Climate in North Portland
Principal Investigator: Ted C. Eckmann, University of Portland (UP)

Eckmann Lab Group at a Conference

The main goals of this project are studying interactions among North Portland’s microclimates, residents, and ecosystems by analyzing local pollution, building design, and renewable energy potential, plus working with stakeholders to help North Portland become more sustainable. In 2014, my students and I began installing several automated weather stations in North Portland, and initiated green roof experiments atop multiple buildings on the University of Portland campus. In 2016 we added photovoltaic (solar panel) research to our activities, and we continue to expand according to student interests and community needs. Here's an example of an article we recently published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal in response to an environmental issue in our local community. The photos above and below show some of the students who have worked with me; in the image below, we're setting up one of our weather stations on the rooftop of Mehling Hall at the University of Portland:


Here's a student flying an instrumented drone to make measurements at different heights; we fly up to 400 feet above ground level:

Debra flying our instrumented drone


Here are some of my students setting up equipment for measuring the energy efficiency of buildings:

Students setting up equipment for eco-roof experiments


Here are some of my students measuring several atmospheric variables using a tethered weather balloon:

Students flying our tethered weather balloon

Selected Presentations, Publications, and Awards From This Research:

* Indicates authorship or co-authorship by a current or former UP undergraduate or high school student who I mentored in this research:

Eckmann, Ted C., *Morach, Annemarie E., *Hamilton, Maranda J., *Walker, Joseph L., *Simpson, Logan K., *Lower, Sasha N., *McNamee, Audra P., *Haripriyan, Anjali, *Castillo, Dani, *Grandy, Summer L., and *Kessi, Abigail M. (2018) Measuring and Modeling Microclimate Impacts of Sequoiadendron giganteum. Sustainable Cities and Society. 38: 509–525.

Eckmann, Ted C., *Wright, Samantha G., *Simpson, Logan K., *Walker, Joseph L., Kolmes, Steven A., Houck, James E., and *Velasquez, Sandra C. (2018) Combining Ordinary Kriging with Wind Directions to Identify Sources of Industrial Odors in Portland, Oregon. PLoS ONE. 13(1): e0189175.

Eckmann, Ted C. (2018) Validating a Computational Fluid Dynamics Model of Vegetation Effects on Microclimates. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Modeling and Simulation: January 8-10, 2018. Sydney (Australia). This received the Best Presentation Award from the International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology (IACSIT)!

*Castillo, Dani, and *Devine, Parker; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Democratizing high-resolution orthoimage generation using drones. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 14, 2017. Portland, OR (USA). This received 1st place in the "Earth Science" category at the Fourteenth Annual Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium!

*Lower, Sasha, and *Neuzil, Isabella; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Economic valuation of large coniferous trees in urban areas. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 14, 2017. Portland, OR (USA). This received 3rd place in the "Environmental Science" category at the Fourteenth Annual Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium!

*Morach, Annemarie, *McNamee, Audra, and *Haripriyan, Anjali; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Impacts of Sequoiadendron giganteum (Giant Sequoia) on Urban Heat Island Effects in Portland, OR. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 14, 2017. Portland, OR (USA). This received 1st place in the "Environmental Science" category at the Fourteenth Annual Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium!

*Simpson, Logan, and *Rowley, Tristan; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Computational modeling of industrial odor sources in Portland using AERMOD. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 14, 2017. Portland, OR (USA). This received 2nd place in the "Environmental Science" category at the Fourteenth Annual Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium!

*Walker, Joe; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Forecasting air pollution using K-nearest neighbors and genetic machine-learning algorithms. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 14, 2017. Portland, OR (USA). This received 1st place in the "Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Science" category at the Fourteenth Annual Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium!

*Hamilton, Maranda J., *Grandy, Summer L., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Modeling Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Interactions on a Green Roof in Current and Future Climates. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 80: October 25-28, 2017. Chico, CA (USA).

*Lower, Sasha N., *Kessi, Abigail M., *Neuzil, Isabella A., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Economic Valuation of Large Coniferous Trees in Urban Areas. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 80: October 25-28, 2017. Chico, CA (USA).

*Morach, Annemarie E., *Haripriyan, Anjali, *McNamee, Audra P., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Measuring and Modeling Microclimate Impacts of Sequoiadendron giganteum. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 80: October 25-28, 2017. Chico, CA (USA). This received the President's Award for Outstanding Paper!

*Simpson, Logan K., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Computational Modeling of Industrial Odors in Portland, Oregon Using AERMOD. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 80: October 25-28, 2017. Chico, CA (USA). This received the Christopherson Geosystems Award for Best Applied Geography/Earth Systems Undergraduate Student Paper!

*Walker, Joe L., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Forecasting Air Pollution Using K-Nearest Neighbor and Genetic Machine Learning Algorithm. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 80: October 25-28, 2017. Chico, CA (USA). This received the Harry and Shirley Bailey Award for Outstanding Paper in Physical Geography!

*Haripriyan, Anjali; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Analyzing the Atmospheric and Economic Benefits of Sequoiadendron giganteum. ASE Symposium at the University of Portland: August 18, 2017. Portland, OR (USA).

*McNamee, Audra; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Modeling the Biometeorological and Economic Impacts of Sequoiadendron giganteum. ASE Symposium at the University of Portland: August 18, 2017. Portland, OR (USA).

*Statler, Nicole E., *Adams, Amanda M., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Optimizing Angles of Rooftop Photovoltaics, Ratios of Solar to Vegetated Roof Systems, and Economic Benefits, in Portland, Oregon, USA. Environment Systems and Decisions. 37(3): 320–331.

*Bruckner, Margaret E.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Novel Drone and Tethered Balloon Systems for Measuring Vertical Temperature Profiles. Meeting of the Pacific Northwest International Section of the Air and Waste Management Association: April 26, 2017. Portland, OR (USA). This received a Student Environmental Challenge Award!

*Ward, Quentin J., Dillon, Heather E., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Effects of Angles on Solar Panel Power Output. Posters on the Hill by the Council on Undergraduate Research: April 26, 2017. Washington, DC (USA). This was selected for Posters on the Hill, in which the top 60 students nationwide (out of all disciplines) present their research to members of the United States Congress!

*Adams, Amanda M., *Statler, Nicole E., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Optimizing Photovoltaic Positioning and Ratios of Solar to Vegetated Roof Systems in the US Pacific Northwest. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers: April 5-9, 2017. Boston, MA (USA).

*Bruckner, Margaret E., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Measuring Atmospheric Stability Using New Drone and Tethersonde Systems. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers: April 5-9, 2017. Boston, MA (USA).

*Cerda, Carla I., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Monitoring Micrometeorological Conditions Inside of Buildings to Assess Energy Efficiency. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers: April 5-9, 2017. Boston, MA (USA).

Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Modeling Future Climate Change Impacts for Landowners and Municipal-Scale Stakeholders. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers: April 5-9, 2017. Boston, MA (USA).

*Grandy, Summer L., *Holmes, Brooke A., *Shaw, Zoe M., *Hastie, Georgia L., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Developing New Substrates to Improve Ecoroof Performance in Temperate Rainforest Climates. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers: April 5-9, 2017. Boston, MA (USA).

*Simpson, Logan K., *Walker, Joe L., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Analyzing Concentrations of Airborne Carcinogens in Portland, Oregon. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers: April 5-9, 2017. Boston, MA (USA).

*Walker, Joe L., *Simpson, Logan K., *Wright, Samantha G., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2017) Identifying Sources of Industrial Odors Using Winds and Spatial Monitoring. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers: April 5-9, 2017. Boston, MA (USA).

*Adams, Amanda M., *Statler, Nicole E., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Optimizing Photovoltaic Angles and Rooftop Coverage of Solar Panels Versus Vegetation in Oregon. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXVI: February 25, 2017. Corvallis, OR (USA).

*Cerda, Carla I., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Novel Methods for Measuring Microclimates Inside Large Buildings to Evaluate Energy Efficiency. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXVI: February 25, 2017. Corvallis, OR (USA).

Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Oregon Nuisance Odor Policy and its Implementation. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXVI: February 25, 2017. Corvallis, OR (USA).

*Grandy, Summer L., *Holmes, Brooke A., *Hastie, Georgia L., *Shaw, Zoe M., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2017) Developing New Soils to Improve Green Roof Performance in Oregon. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXVI: February 25, 2017. Corvallis, OR (USA).

*Cerda, Carla I., *Statler, Nicole E., and *Adams, Amanda M.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Optimizing Photovoltaic Positioning and Ratios of Solar to Vegetated Roof Systems. Murdock College Science Research Program: November 4-5, 2016. Spokane, WA (USA).

*Walker, Joe L., *Simpson, Logan K., and *Wright, Samantha G.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Analyzing Patterns of Industrial Odors in Portland Using Wind Measurements and Kriging. Murdock College Science Research Program: November 4-5, 2016. Spokane, WA (USA).

*Bruckner, Margaret E.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Drone and Tethered Weather Balloon Systems for Measuring Vertical Temperature Profiles in North Portland. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 4, 2016. Portland, OR (USA).

*Grandy, Summer L., *Holmes, Brooke A., *Hastie, Georgia L., and *Shaw, Zoe M.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Developing New Soils to Improve Green Roof Performance in the US Pacific Northwest. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 4, 2016. Portland, OR (USA). This received 1st place in the "Earth & Environmental Sciences" category at the Thirteenth Annual Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium!

*Simpson, Logan K., *Walker, Joe L., and *Wright, Samantha G.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Combining Spatial Interpolation with Wind Data to Analyze Industrial Odor Patterns in Portland. Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium, Columbia-Willamette Chapter: November 4, 2016. Portland, OR (USA). This received 2nd place in the "Earth & Environmental Sciences" category at the Thirteenth Annual Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium!

*Bruckner, Margaret E.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Novel Drone and Tethersonde Systems for Measuring Vertical Temperature Profiles. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 79: October 5-8, 2016. Portland, OR (USA).

*Cerda, Carla I., *Statler, Nicole E., and *Adams, Amanda M.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Optimizing Rooftop Photovoltaics and Ratios of Solar to Vegetated Roof Systems. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 79: October 5-8, 2016. Portland, OR (USA).

*Grandy, Summer L., *Holmes, Brooke A., *Shaw, Zoe M., and *Hastie, Georgia L.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Developing New Substrates to Improve Ecoroof Performance in the US Pacific Northwest. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 79: October 5-8, 2016. Portland, OR (USA). This received the Christopherson Geosystems Award for Best Applied Geography/Earth Systems Undergraduate Student Paper!

*Simpson, Logan K.; *Wright, Samantha G., and *Walker, Joe L.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Analyzing Winds and Spatial Patterns to Identify Sources of Industrial Odors in Portland, Oregon. Proceedings of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Conference, Volume 79: October 5-8, 2016. Portland, OR (USA). This received the Harry and Shirley Bailey Award for Outstanding Paper in Physical Geography!

*Hastie, Georgia L., and Shaw, Zoe M.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2016) Using Vegetation Indices to Analyze Photosynthetic Rates on an Ecoroof. ASE Symposium at the University of Portland: August 12, 2016. Portland, OR (USA).

*Statler, Nicole E., and *Adams, Amanda M.; faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Optimizing Photovoltaic Tilt and Economic Benefits in Portland, Oregon. Meeting of the Pacific Northwest International Section of the Air and Waste Management Association: April 21, 2016. Portland, OR (USA). This received a Student Environmental Challenge Award!

Eckmann, Ted C., (2016) Remote Sensing and In Situ Measurements of the Urban Environment Using Drones and Tethered Balloons. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers: March 29-April 2, 2016. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Holmes, Brooke A., *VanderWilde, Calli P., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2016) Performance of Novel Soils Designed for Ecoroof Applications in the US Pacific Northwest. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers: March 29-April 2, 2016. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*VanderWilde, Calli P., *Holmes, Brooke A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2016) Analyzing Water Balance to Optimize Green Roof Performance in Rainy Climates. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers: March 29-April 2, 2016. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Velasquez, Sandra C., *Wright, Samantha G., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2016) Statistical Analysis of Winds and Atmospheric Stability to Forecast Air Pollutant Propagation in Industrial Areas. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers: March 29-April 2, 2016. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Wright, Samantha G., *Velasquez, Sandra C., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2016) Spatial Analysis of Air Quality in a Topographically Complex Urban River Valley. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers: March 29-April 2, 2016. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Holmes, Brooke A., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) New Vegetation Indices for Assessing the Health of Sedum spp. on Green Roofs. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXV: February 27, 2016. Forest Grove, OR (USA).

*VanderWilde, Calli P., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Seasonal Patterns in Soil Moisture on an Ecoroof in Portland. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXV: February 27, 2016. Forest Grove, OR (USA).

*Velasquez, Sandra C., *Wright, Samantha G., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Measuring Vertical Temperature Profiles With Drone and Tethersonde Flights in North Portland. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXV: February 27, 2016. Forest Grove, OR (USA).

*Wright, Samantha G., *Velasquez, Sandra C., and Eckmann, Ted C. (2016) Topographical Effects on the Distribution of Industrial Air Pollution in North Portland. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXV: February 27, 2016. Forest Grove, OR (USA).

*Holmes, Brooke A., *VanderWilde, Calli P., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Monitoring Xeric Species Performance on Ecoroofs Using UV-Visible/Near-IR Spectroscopy and NDVI. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement. December 14-18, 2015. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*VanderWilde, Calli P., *Holmes, Brooke A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Energy Savings Potential and Sensible Heat Flux Analysis of Green and Impervious Rooftops in the US Pacific Northwest. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement. December 14-18, 2015. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Velasquez, Sandra C., *Wright, Samantha G., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Quantifying Spatiotemporal Trends in Nuisance Odors to Identify Sources of Air Pollutants. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement. December 14-18, 2015. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Wright, Samantha G., *Velasquez, Sandra C., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Using GIS to Analyze Spatial Patterns of Industrial Air Pollution in Portland, Oregon. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement. December 14-18, 2015. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Allen, Michael A., *Holmes, Brooke A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Seasonal and Diurnal Patterns of Temperature Inversion Formation and Breakup in a Topographically Complex Urban Environment. Proceedings of the 2015 National Conference on Undergraduate Research: p. 430-438.

*VanderWilde, Calli P., and *Holmes, Brooke A., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Performance of a Vegetated Roof with Xeric Species in Portland, OR. Murdock College Science Research Program: November 6-7, 2015. Vancouver, WA (USA). This received the Murdock Poster Prize in Environmental Science!

*Wright, Samantha G., and *Velasquez, Sandra C., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Using GIS to Analyze Spatiotemporal Patterns of Industrial Odor Sources and Distributions. Murdock College Science Research Program: November 6-7, 2015. Vancouver, WA (USA).

*Holmes, Brooke A. and *VanderWilde, Calli P., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Improving Urban Ecosystem Design through Spectral Analysis of Plant Health on Pilot Green Roofs in Portland, OR. University of Portland Summer Research Symposium: November 3, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Velasquez, Sandra C., and *Wright, Samantha G., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Measuring Vertical Temperature Profiles With Drone and Tethersonde Flights in North Portland. University of Portland Summer Research Symposium: November 3, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Air Pollution in North Portland: Monitoring Results as of November 2015. Invited Talk, North Portland Community Meeting: November 2, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Baker, Debra Lynn, faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Quantifying the Effectiveness of Using Different Succulent Species for Insulation in the Pacific Northwest. ASE Symposium at the University of Portland: August 21, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Deng, Leo, faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Mitigating Local Industrial Pollutant Activity by Monitoring Temperature Inversion Patterns in North Portland. ASE Symposium at the University of Portland: August 21, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Allen, Michael A. and *Holmes, Brooke A., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Quantifying Seasonal Variations in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer in Portland, Oregon to Characterize Local Air Pollution Events. National Conference on Undergraduate Research: April 16-18, 2015. Cheney, WA (USA).

*Holmes, Brooke A. and *Allen, Michael A., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Comparing Growth Rates of Succulent Species and Water Retention of Novel Substrates to Optimize Urban Green Roof Efficiencies in the Pacific Northwest. National Conference on Undergraduate Research: April 16-18, 2015. Cheney, WA (USA).

*Velasquez, Sandra C. and *Seibold, Claire L., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Investigating Urban Air Pollution by Combining Plume Analysis, Remote Sensing, and In Situ Sampling in Portland, Oregon. National Conference on Undergraduate Research: April 16-18, 2015. Cheney, WA (USA).

Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Air Pollution in North Portland: Monitoring Results as of March 2015. Invited Talk, North Portland Community Meeting: March 31, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Allen, Michael A., *Holmes, Brooke A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Assessing Atmospheric Stability in North Portland to Investigate Industrial Air Pollution Events. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXIV: February 28, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Holmes, Brooke A., *Allen, Michael A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Analysis of Substrate Water Retention and Xeric Succulent Species Growth for Optimization of Green Roofs in Portland, OR. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXIV: February 28, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Kemp, Luke R., *Aguilar, Antonio F., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) In Situ Monitoring of Nuisance Odors in Portland, OR to Mitigate Air Pollution Problems. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXIV: February 28, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*VanderWilde, Calli P., *Coppernoll-Houston, Dana M., *Holmes, Brooke A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Comparative Analysis of Sensible Heat Fluxes on Vegetated Versus Non-Vegetated Rooftops in Portland, OR. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXIV: February 28, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Velasquez, Sandra C., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Plume Analysis and Chemical Sampling of Air Quality Near Industries in North Portland. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXIV: February 28, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Wright, Samantha G., *Allen, Michael A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2015) Spatial Interpolation with GIS to Map Industrial Air Pollution in North Portland. Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Volume LXXIV: February 28, 2015. Portland, OR (USA).

*Allen, Michael A., *Holmes, Brooke A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2014) Measuring Urban Microclimates and Vertical Temperature Profiles in Portland, Oregon for Analyzing Energy Budgets and Air Pollution Sources. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement: December 15-19, 2014. San Francisco, CA (USA). This received 1st place in the peer judging portion of the virtual poster session at AGU's Fall Meeting!

*Holmes, Brooke A., *Allen, Michael A., and Eckmann, Ted C., (2014) Quantifying Performance of Succulents and Novel Substrates for Extensive Green Roof Applications in the US Pacific Northwest. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement: December 15-19, 2014. San Francisco, CA (USA).

*Holmes, Brooke A. and *Allen, Michael A., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2014) Performance of New Substrates, Sedum spp., and Dudleya lanceolata on Green Roofs. Murdock College Science Research Program: November 14-15, 2014. Vancouver, WA (USA).

*Allen, Michael A. and *Holmes, Brooke A., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2014) Analyzing Urban Microclimates and Atmospheric Stability in Portland, OR. Murdock College Science Research Program: November 14-15, 2014. Vancouver, WA (USA).

Eckmann, Ted C., (2014) North Portland's Microclimates. Invited Talk, North Portland Community Meeting: October 27, 2014. Portland, OR (USA).

Walter J. Stott Scholarship for Excellence in Undergraduate Research (Awarded to *Brooke A. Holmes, August 19, 2014)

*Swanson, Diana., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2014) Monitoring Temperature Inversions and Air Quality in North Portland Microclimates. ASE Symposium: August 15, 2014. Portland, OR (USA).

*Gonzalez-Montiel, Hector Uriel., faculty advisor: Eckmann, Ted C., (2014) Comparing Performance Among Different Soil Profiles and Sedum spp. for Green Roof Applications in the Pacific Northwest. ASE Symposium: August 15, 2014. Portland, OR (USA).

 

 


The following table lists some of the equipment we've deployed at our weather stations:

Equipment Purpose:

Item Name and Catalog Code:

Wind speed and direction measurements

Wind Smart Sensor Set (S-WSET-A)

Air temperature and relative humidity at multiple heights for each station

12-bit Temperature/RH Smart Sensor (S-THB-M002)

Photosynthetic radiation measurements

Photosynthetic Light (PAR) Smart Sensor (S-LIA-M003)

Broad-spectrum solar radiation measurements Solar Radiation Sensor – Silicon Pyranometer (S-LIB-M003)

Rainfall rate measurements

.01” Rain Gauge Smart Sensor (S-RGA-M002)

Soil moisture measurements

Soil Moisture Smart Sensor (S-SMC-M005)

Leaf wetness measurements

Leaf Wetness Smart Sensor (S-LWA-M003)

Barometric pressure measurements

Barometric Pressure Smart Sensor (S-BPB-CM50)

Photovoltaic power: all of our stations are entirely solar-powered

6 Watt Solar Panel (SOLAR-6W)

Data recording, storage, and interface

HOBO U30 Wi-Fi Data Logger (U30-WIF)

Graphing and analysis software

HOBOware Pro Mac/Win (BHW-PRO-CD)

Tripod for mounting station equipment

HOBO Weather Station 3-Meter Tripod Kit (M-TPA-KIT)

Mount for proper orientation of solar radiation sensor

Light Sensor Bracket (M-LBB)

Cross arms for proper spacing of wind sensors

Full Cross Arm (M-CAA)

Solar radiation shields for proper air temperature measurements

Solar Radiation Shield (RS3)

 

 

Background Info and Data on Weather and Climate:


Meteorology education and training, from meted.ucar.edu
These tutorials range from beginner-level to extremely advanced, and cover modern weather-monitoring technology and many other topics in atmospheric science.

 

Glossary of Meteorological Terms, from the National Weather Service (NWS)
This is an intermediate-level glossary that covers most of the terms and acronyms used in atmospheric science. Here's a more advanced glossary from the American Meteorological society.

 

Daily true-color MODIS images of the Northwestern US
This site archives daytime satellite images of much of the planet, at a 250-meter nominal resolution, with an archive going back several years in most cases, and two images per day.

 

Current GOES animation centered on Portland, using the visible wavelengths
NOAA's GOES satellites are most frequently used for monitoring current weather, because they can provide new images every 15 to 30 minutes (or more frequently in some modes), and this website displays recent animated loops of these images to show movements of clouds and weather systems. GOES satellites include a channel in the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum (centered at a wavelength of ~650 nm), and several infrared channels that can show approximate cloud-top temperatures, water vapor concentrations, and other meteorological variables. See the same loop but using the GOES infrared or water vapor bands, or a more zoomed-out loop of recent infrared images of the Western US.

 

GOES nighttime fog-product loop for the Portland area from NOAA/NESDIS
This animation shows the previous night's clouds over the northeastern United States, distinguishing between high clouds (blue areas in the map) and low clouds/fog (yellow areas in the map). The numbers on this animation are the estimated visibilities, in statute miles, from surface weather stations, and standard meteorological symbols denote fog/mist/haze conditions.

 

Portland Doppler weather radar (from the station 15 mi northwest of UP)
Ground-based weather radar installations like these can provide maps of estimated precipitation amounts, along with small-scale relative wind velocities within storms, which can help in identifying conditions that can spawn tornadoes. These images can be updated every few minutes, and animated to show storm movements, which can help in making short-term weather forecasts. This link points to the station outside of Portland. The other nearby weather radar stations are, in clockwise order: in Langley Hill, WA, Seattle, WA, Spokane, WA, Pendleton, OR, and Medford, OR). You'll probably want to look at several of those to get a more thorough and accurate idea of exactly what's happening in the area, and don't be surprised if they occasionally disagree slightly for reasons you can learn about here.

 

Java map of current surface weather station reports
Left click in this Java map to draw a zoom-in rectangle, and use the checkboxes below the map to view different numbers of stations and variables. See the legend on this page for descriptions of symbols used in the map. Variables displayed include air temperature, dewpoint, weather, winds, ceiling height, and visibility. Also see this non-Java version centered on the Portland area with pressures in inches of mercury or this version with pressures in millibars.

 

MesoWest customizable maps of surface station data
This displays data from many types of weather stations on a map, with options for overlays of estimated precipitation and other variables. Also see the MesoWest map for Portland from the National Weather Service.

 

Recent numerical weather model forecasts from NCEP
Weather forecasters base many of their decisions on output from these and other weather forecasting computer models, which use data from surface stations, weather balloons, and other sources, along with the laws of physics and parameterizations of atmospheric processes, to simulate upcoming weather. Predictive skill decreases dramatically for forecasts of the weather more than a few days in advance. Click here to learn more about numerical weather models. Human forecasters can combine their own experience and intuition, numerical weather model output, other data sources such as the ones on this page, and detailed knowledge of atmospheric processes (such as what I cover in my atmospheric science classes), to produce forecasts that are better than what the models alone would produce, on average. Thus, numerical models are great tools, but they will probably never replace the need for human forecasters with backgrounds in atmospheric science topics like the ones I cover in my classes.

 

Portland-area local climatology: daily, monthly, and records, from NOAA
This National Weather Service page shows long-term averages from surface stations in the Portland area for various meteorological variables, like rainfall and air temperatures, and comparisons from recent daily or yearly observations to these long-term values.

 

 

 



Copyright by Ted Eckmann
eckmann@up.edu

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